The world population is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, and food production and food security must continue to grow. Under such circumstances, hunger and food insecurity are widespread and most serious in all countries in the world, especially in fragile situations. Development is relatively fast and adopts various response strategies to meet growing demand and prevent food insecurity and hunger. Therefore, people attach great importance to family land as a strategy to improve family food security and nutrition. The home garden is a major part of the local diet. The rural landscapes of developing countries around the world can stand the test of time.
Family property is regarded as an important additional means of nutrition, nutrition, and livelihood worldwide. “Low-resolution food production is the oldest and most sustainable form of agriculture. “For centuries, home gardens have been an important part of the family business and the local food system. In literature, home gardens are divided into mixed gardens, kitchen gardens, backyard gardens, pastures, and joint farms.
Definition of Home and Garden:
The home garden could be a tiny production system that has provides and requirements for plants and animals that aren’t enclosed within the retail market, agriculture, hunting, gathering, fishing, and wages. Guarantee safety, comfort, and a decent life. They occupy the insignificant land for rural production and also the insignificant labor for the most economic activities of the family. The family land is characterized by a mixed agricultural system that has vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, herbs, decorative and healthful plants, and placental mammals that may be used as an extra supply of food and income.
Improving food and nutrition security
A review of studies from different countries shows that the degree and combination of social culture on the family gardening society vary greatly. The multiple social benefits of home gardens include improving food and nutrition security in many socio-economic and political contexts, improving family and human health, empowering women, promoting social justice and equality, and protecting indigenous knowledge and skills. Culture
The most fundamental social benefits of household packages come from their direct contribution to household food security by improving the supply, accessibility, and use of food. The maintenance of home gardens helps rural and urban areas to obtain fresh vegetables and feed sources. Eating at home will continue to significantly increase the family’s energy and nutritional needs…
Home foods vary from husbandry crops to rhizomes, palm trees, and animal products; different garden plants are used as spices, herbs, medicines, and animal feed. Though their own plots aren’t typically considered a base for growing staple foods, Taman records that residents of the Pacific Islands get their main root crops from their own plots. In addition, incorporating livestock and poultry farming into home horticulture will improve the family’s food and biological process security, as a result of the milk, eggs, and meat of livestock are the foremost vital and in several cases the sole supply of animal protein.
Plants are a vital supply of medicines for humans and livestock and are used as biological pesticides to safeguard crops from diseases and pests. Nearly 80% of the population altogether components of the planet, and developing countries grow herbs and meditative plants within their home gardens. Use them to treat numerous diseases and minor ailments and improve your health. Most yard plants have an exact medicinal worth and might be wont to treat several common health issues inexpensively. For example, Plants adult in home gardens in the Bukoba region of African nation is used just for medicinal purposes. About 70% of the plant species found within the forests and gardens of Yucatan are used for medicinal purposes.
Uplifting the status of women
In all cultures, women play a vital role in food production, but their overall value is declining. In addition, they are very interested in secondary agriculture, although their participation in secondary agriculture is determined by social and cultural norms. Huge, but this does not mean that home gardening is mainly female work. In fact, in some cultures, women are the only real stewards of family property, while in other cultures, they play many or secondary roles.
Preserving indigenous knowledge and building integrated societies
Home gardens consist of a variety of components and species that represent social and traditional aspects of different societies. This rich indigenous culture and communal knowledge base are expressed through home gardening by the selection of plants and animal species as well as the farming practices used by the local community. Home gardens serve as a valuable repository for preserving and transferring indigenous crops and livestock species, production knowledge, and skills from one generation to another.
The literature supports the incorporation, and promotion of home gardens as green properties, and agricultural practices to improve food security and economic growth. The structure, characteristics, and contributions of family holdings vary by geographic region. Provide a large number of system services while meeting social, cultural, and economic needs. Although these blessings are explained here with caution due to their simplicity, the benefits do not seem to be mutually exclusive. In the real world, there are important overlaps and relationships between many useful elements, which can create different benefits and create a more attractive budget.