Lung cancer is one of the most common types of malignant neoplasms today. On average, there are 40 people with lung cancer per 100,000 population all over the globe. Moreover, men are diagnosed with the disease 10 ten times more often than women. The incidence of lung cancer among urban people is higher than in people from rural areas. Nevertheless, modern medicine has a powerful arsenal for treating this type of oncology. With timely treatment, it is highly likely not only to stop the progression of the disease but also to forget about it forever.
Causes of Lung Cancer
The main cause of lung cancer is the inhalation of carcinogens. About 90% of all cases of the disease are associated with smoking, namely the action of carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke. In addition to lung cancer, smoking can cause the development of 18 other forms of cancer in humans: cancer of the esophagus, larynx and oral cavity, bladder, pancreas, kidney, stomach, breast, cervix, etc.
The Most Important Causes Of Lung Cancer
- Hereditary (genetically determined) factors.
- Presence of chronic diseases of the bronchopulmonary system.
- Natural processes of aging.
- Exposure to ionizing radiation.
The pathogenesis of lung cancer is currently understood poorly. Three stages of tumor growth are distinguished: the transformation of a normal cell into a malignant one, the activation of a tumor, and the stage of progression. The second stage is the most important since malignant cells can be inactive for a long time. The activation is facilitated by regular exposure to harmful factors that stimulate the reproduction of pathogenic cells. In addition, the formation of a tumor is affected by a decrease in the protective properties of the body.
How To Reveal Lung Cancer?
In addition to specific symptoms (coughing up blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, breathing noises), lung cancer has a number of common symptoms, such as loss of appetite and feeling of exhaustion, fever.
However, it should be noted that some types of this disease do not manifest themselves for a long time and do not have pronounced symptoms. In such cases, regular check-up plays an important role.
Fluorography is used for early lung cancer detection. This examination should be performed at least once a year. The detection of the disease at the early stages makes it possible to prevent the development of complications associated with advanced cancer forms. Among the instrumental methods of examination, X-ray is the most informative one. It includes performing roentgenograms, tomograms, and when indicated, computed tomography.
Treatment Of Lung Cancer
Reliable diagnosis of pulmonary oncology is very important, as the choice of suitable treatment methods depends on it. The main methods are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Thanks to the rapid development of medical technology, these approaches are becoming more secure and effective.
Surgical treatment is used when the tumor has clear boundaries and can be removed simultaneously with the nearby lymph nodes. At the initial cancer stages, doctors may remove one lobe of the lung. However, if oncologists suspect that the malignant cells have spread further, they will suggest removing the segment (several lobes) or the entire lung. It is not necessary to be afraid of this approach. Clinical practice shows that patients are able to live a full active life with one lung. In some cases, when there is no hope for complete healing, surgeons perform an operation aimed at reducing the tumor volume and removing metastases from vital organs.
Some types of lung cancer, e.g. small cell cancer, grow so fast that trying to remove it with a scalpel is almost always doomed to failure. Chemotherapy comes to the rescue. It includes treating tumors with medications that are harmful to malignant cells. In some cases, this method is the only one that can help the patient. In others, chemotherapy is combined with surgery, allowing to reduce the volume of removed tissue and prevent the relapse.
What Is The Best Country For Treating Lung Cancer?
Nowadays you can find suitable clinics with modern equipment in developed European countries, e.g. in Germany. You can undergo lung cancer treatment in Germany very simple, just contact Booking Health and submit a request on the official website of the company. With the help of Booking Health professionals, you can easily find the best clinic in order to undergo lung cancer treatment in Germany at low prices. Sooner you detect cancer and start therapy, better chances of the favorable outcome are.